Course Descriptions - Criminal Justice
This course presents the history, development and current status of the criminal justice system in the United States and the challenges it faces in light of current trends and events.
This course includes the case analysis of the development of Federalism, the separation of powers, the role of federal and state courts in constitutional development, and contemporary development and control.
This course discusses the growth of the public sector and the methods by which this sector can be managed. Topics include public management techniques, effective decision-making, civil service, budgeting, public organizations, and the politics of public sector administration.
This course will explore the history and development of criminal law as a form of social control. Included is the evolution of criminal law from civil law and the relationship between common and statutory criminal law. Emphasis is given to the substantive aspect of criminal law and how it differs from civil law.
Theories, causation and prevention programs will be studied in this course. Rehabilitation theories and treatment programs of public institutions and public and private agencies are included. Case studies are made available to the student for analysis. Adolescent behavior, peer pressure, and the role of the family will be examined.
An in-depth analysis and evaluation of criminal behavior. Street crime, organized crime and occupational crime will be discussed. The student will learn to investigate, categorize, and describe the theories of criminality and social control.
This course covers the principles of police organization, administration, and community policing, as well as the selection, training, promotion and socialization of officers. Students will explore the society as part of the criminal justice system. The course will also examine issues involving the influence of research, police deviance, minorities, the use of force, and the general hazards of police work.
This course is a study of correctional processes and services, standards, personnel and principles of management; allocation of resources, training and staffing; the role of sentencing and work release programs; special programs and the use of outside contracts.
This course focuses on the emotional aspects of individuals involved in a crisis situation. Coverage is given to the theory and management of specific situations such as stress, death and dying, drug abuse, suicide, sexual assault, disasters and violence. Consideration is also given to the functions and legalities of the mental health system. (Pre-requisite: PSYC101)
The thrust of this course focuses on three themes. First, managers and supervisors need to move from an authoritative style to a participative leadership style – empowering all personnel to become contributing team members. Second, community policing and problem solving are key to preserving the peace and fighting crime. Citizens can become allies in both. Law enforcement can no longer go it alone. How community policing and problem solving affect management is the continuous thread throughout this course. Third, change must be viewed as an opportunity rather than a threat. Not only must managers help their people grow and develop, but also they must continuously grow and develop, looking for new and better ways to accomplish their mission. As futurist Alvin Toffler asserts: “The illiterate of the 21st century will not be those who cannot read and write, but those who cannot learn, unlearn and relearn.” This course is a beginning towards opening your mind to new ways of thinking and doing. In summary, this course serves as a requested survival manual made to the Criminal Justice Program Director from the River Valley Community College during field visits to police departments in five New Hampshire counties for Lieutenant, Captain and Chief of Police. This course is a substitute for the requirement of Criminal Justice Internship (CRJC290) and/or Senior project (CRJC291). (Prerequisite: permission of instructor)
In the first part of this course, the historical use of the major drug groups (including alcohol) will be reviewed. In the second part, the reaction of the criminal justice system to illegal involvement with drugs and alcohol and methods of treating substance abusers will be reviewed.
This course deals with the interaction of the various components of the justice system with the community. It involves an analysis of the way the work of police departments, courts, correctional institutions and community corrections agencies appear to the public. The image of the justice system in the media is examined: specific attention is paid to the issues of the young minorities and community organizations.
The student will spend 120 hours of individual instruction and guidance at an approved internship site in addition to lectures within the classroom setting. (Pre/Co-requisites: completion or enrollment in all other CJ courses.)
In this course, through on-going and individualized contact with the supervising instructor, the student develops a topic pre-approved through a prospectus presented to the instructor. The student may develop any topic raised in any major class and is not limited by category. Empirical studies, surveys, literature reviews are among the acceptable categories of research. The final grade is determined by a review of the final product and the extent to which the student has followed the course outlines. (Pre/Co-requisites: completion or enrollment in all other CJ courses.)